October 1, 2008
TÁRKI, a pollster, surveys Hungarian attitudes towards minorities an immigrants. They use the non-existing Piresian minority as a control variable to measure total prejudice.
Hungarians are grouped into three basic clusters based on their various answers in the poll. The bottom blue column represents those, who are totally against immigration (they would not let even refugees into the country). The middle lighter greenish column represents the majority who are somewhat prejudiced and would place various limitations on immigration. The bottom greyish column represent the minority who are pro-immigration with little or no objections.
Before 1989 Hungarians took refugee in democratic countries and there was hardly any immigration, bar the members of the Russian occupying forces. After the end of the Cold war immigration become possible to Hungary and people had changing attitudes, from very welcoming to less-welcoming until 1995. 2001 was a sharp outlier in the rather stable attitudes, when the right-wing has initiated a unsuccessful referendum to give second passports to ethnic Hungarians in the neighboring countries. As many Hungarians saw the initiative to import non-taxpaying right-wing voters into the electorate, the referendum poisoned the issue of immigration. (Hungary had been an immigration country between 1989-2006, most of the immigrants were ethnic Hungarians from other Central European countries).
The least-prejudiced Hungarians live in Southern Hungary, or, interestingly, do not have a job. Only 7% has any objections against Hungarian-speaking immigrants, otherwise people are very suspicious of all typical immigration ethnicities (Russians, Chinese, Arabs, Romanians). These groups are slightly more opposed than the Piresians, which is a non-existing minority, so nobody has any factual information or bad experience with them.Author : Dániel Antal